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KMID : 0359020110440020101
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
2011 Volume.44 No. 2 p.101 ~ p.108
Low Grade Gastric Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma: Clinicopathological Factors Associated with Helicobacter pylori Eradication and Tumor Regression
Choi Yoon-Jin

Lee Dong-Ho
Kim Ji-Yeon
Kwon Ji-Eun
Kim Jae-Yeon
Jo Hyun-Jin
Shin Cheol-Min
Kim Hyun-Young
Park Young-Soo
Kim Na-Young
Jung Hyun-Chae
Song In-Sung
Abstract
Background/Aims: Eradication of Helicobacter pylori is widely accepted as initial therapy for low-grade gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. However, approximately 20% of patients with this disease are not responsive to H. pylori eradication therapy. The aim of this study was to assess remission and relapse rates of low-grade gastric MALT lymphoma after H. pylori eradication and identify the clinical factors that affect remission.

Methods: Thirty-nine patients diagnosed with gastric MALT lymphoma (May 2003 to May 2010) were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: Of the 39 patients, 30 (77%) had a H. pylori infection. There were 35/39 (90%) patients with stage I. Among stage I, 25 patients with the infection underwent eradication therapy and 22/25 (88%) achieved remission. The total regression rate with eradication only in stage I was 24/28 (86%). The median time to remission was 98 days (range, 22 to 397 days). Age, tumor location, invasion depth, H. pylori burden, and severity of mononuclear leukocyte and neutrophil infiltration were not related to remission. However, patients with less neutrophil infiltration were more likely to achieve a successful first H. pylori eradication (p=0.049).

Conclusion: The results show that the rate of low-grade gastric MALT lymphoma regression (86%) with H. pylori eradication alone was higher than that in Western studies (77.8%) and that neutrophil infiltration was inversely related to success of the first H. pylori eradication procedure.
KEYWORD
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, Lymphoma, Helicobacter pylori, Eradication, Remission
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