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KMID : 0359319770170020063
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
1977 Volume.17 No. 2 p.63 ~ p.71
Studies on Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Livestock Products




Abstract
During the period of March, 1976 to December, 1976. 48 raw milk samples were taken from dairy cows at 48 different dairy farms in Korea analyzed by gas liquid chromatography to determine the seasonal variation of the amount of organochlorine pesticide residues. At the same time 80 market milk, 10 beef and 10 pork samples were analyed by the same procedure for checking residual levels. The results were summarized as follows;
1. Milk samples from 17 dairy farms (36 per cent of tatar) were shown to be contaminated with various organochlorine pesticides. The residua lrate of γ-BHC in tested samples were 44per cent (14 sam plea) that of aldrine was 28 per cent (9 samples) and those of pp´-DDT, dieldrin and heptachlor were 9.3 percent (3 samples) respectively.
2. In raw milk pp´-DDT, r-BHC, aldrin, dieldrin and heptachlor were detected, and aldrin, dieldrin and heptachlor were detected in the market milk. Any kinds of organochlorine pesticides were not detected in beef samples but dieldrin and heptachlor were detected in pork samples. Average residual values of aldrin, dieldrin and heptachlor in the market milk were 0.0077 ppm (0.0000∼1.1100 ppm), 0.0001ppm (0.0000∼0.0500 ppm) and 0.0008 ppm (0.0000∼2.0520 ppm), respectively, and those of dieldrin and heptachlor in pork samples were 0.0010 ppm (0.0000∼0.0100 ppm) and 0.0033 ppm (0.0000∼0.0330ppm), respectively.
3. Residues of organochlorine pesticides in raw milk were extremely variable; in fact pp´-DDT was detected in milk samples from A, B, C and D districts and endrin was not detected from all districts. The γ-BHC and dieldrin were detected at the district of A, C and D, aldrin at the districts of A and C and heptachlor at the districts of both A and D.
4. Seasonal trends of residual values of organochlorine pesticides were, in general, noticeable. The residual level was much higher in Spring thats in other seasons and showed the tendeney of decrease from spring through summer and autumn generally; in the case of pp´-DDT average residual values were 0.0121 ppd in spring, 0.0022 ppm in summer and not detected in autumn. But in winter γ-BHC and aldrin residues were increased a little. Residual values in raw milk (when cow are fed on hay and silage) were appeared higher in winter than the other seasons.
5. Residues of organochlorine pesticides in raw milk were not related in respect to hygienic conditions of dairy farms pp´-DDT and heptachlor were, in general, detected in all farms and aldrin was more detected in milk from well sanitated farms than poor sanitated ones.
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학술진흥재단(KCI)