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KMID : 0359319860260010117
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
1986 Volume.26 No. 1 p.117 ~ p.124
Immunobiological Studies in Mice Treated with Chemical Carcinogen , 3 - Methylcholanthrene



Abstract
The present study was undertaken to evaluate rosette formation and NK activity of splenic lymphocytes in 3-methylcholanthrene (MCA) treated mice. Mice were sensitized iv with 0.1㎖ of 1% sheep red blood cell (SRBC) suspension were treated with a single ip injection of olive oil alone or with different doses of MCA in oil at various time before or after sensitization, and were challenged at 4 days after SRBC. Rosette formation and NK activity of splenic lymphocytes were measured at 24 hours after challenge.
Erythrocyte(E) rosette formation of splenic lymphocytes was significantly depressed in mouse treated with large dose of MCA (5∼50㎎) regardless of injecting time. But, there was no difference in the response between the treated with small dose of MCA (0.5㎎). Whereas erythrocyte-antibody(EA) rosette or erythrocyte-antibody-complement(EAC) rosette forming cells were significantly depressed by MCA.
Under small dose of MCA (0.5㎎), any difference of NK activiy was not observed in all course of injecting time. But, under large dose of MCA, the activity was markedly inhibited to about half the values seen in control and this suppression was transient, resulting that the normal level was reached again 19 days after MCA.
These results, which conform with the predictions of immunosuppression hypothesis, suggest that MCA inhibits immunological responses including NK activity and thereby allows the outgrowth of antigenic neoplastic cells.
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학술진흥재단(KCI)