잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.
KMID : 0359319930330030455
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
1993 Volume.33 No. 3 p.455 ~ p.460
Toxicity of agricultural chemicals on Lymnaea viridis the intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica



Abstract
In the present study, the effects of 4 agricultural chemicals commonly used in this conuntry were experimentally assessed on Lymnaea viridis the intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica, which in non-target organism of these chemicals. The major habitat of the snail is rice paddies in Korea and many agricultural chemicals are used for weed, fungi or insect control in rice paddies and there is a general concern that certain levels of these chemicals could reach the aquatic ecosystem and possible alter the snail life. Agricultural chemicals used in this study included two herbicides, an insecticide and a fungicide. The tenth generation of laboratory reared snails were selected and exposed to the varying concentrations(0-100 ppm) of these chemicals. As concentrations and time of exposure increase, the per cent mortality increases(p<0.01). LC_(50)(lethal concentration for 50% mortality) values of these chemicals on snail after 96-hour exposure were variable ; iprobenfos showed the highest acute toxicity(12.6 ppm), while carbofnran showed the lowest acute toxicity(74.5ppm). Sublethal concentrations of chemicals after 96-hour exposure were also variable ; bentazone showed the highest chronic toxicity(0.81ppm), while carbofuran showed the lowest chronic toxicity(5.04 ppm).
KEYWORD
FullTexts / Linksout information
Listed journal information
학술진흥재단(KCI)