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KMID : 0359319950350040691
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
1995 Volume.35 No. 4 p.691 ~ p.698
Metabolic and pharmacokinetic profiles of sulfamethazine in the rat
Yun Hyo-In

Park Seung-Chun
Park Jong-Myung
Cho Joon-Hyoung
Lee Mun-Han
Abstract
We used rats as the experimental animal for the elucidation of metabolic patterns and pharmacokinetic profiles of SMZ in the rat, by use of the urine and plasma from predetermined intervals, respectively. Information herefrom would give some insight into species differences and sex differences in the metabolism and pharamcokinetics of drugs, at least SMZ in particular. Results would be summarized as follows: 1. There were two hydorxy metabolites(5-hydroxysulfamethazine and 6-hydroxyethylsulfamethazine) and an acetyl derivative(N4-acetyl sulfamethazine) in the 24h-collected urine, on confirmation with each standard materials. There were also two unknown metabolites therein. 2. In the viewpoint of quantitative aspect, N4-acetylsulfamethazine was the largest, hence it is assumed that the acetyl pathway is the major one in the metabolism of SMZ in the rat. 3. As regards sex difference in the rat, the male had more metabolic capacity than the female in metabolism of SMZ. 4. The concenteration-time curves of sulfamethazine(20mg/kg, po) in the plasma compartment were fitted to a one-compartment open model by use of a computer program(NONLIN). 5. There were significant differences(P<0.05) in the pharmacokinetics of sulfamethazine between two sexes in the rat, with higher disposition rate in the male. 6. The emergence of N4AcSMZ metabolized from SMZ was fast in the plasma of the rat. Half-life of N4AcSMZ was also. significantly different(P<0.05) between two sexes, suggesting differences in the eliminatory capacity of N4AcSMZ.
KEYWORD
sulfamethazine , animal species , different sexes , metabolism , pharmacokinetics ,
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학술진흥재단(KCI)