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KMID : 0359320030430020231
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
2003 Volume.43 No. 2 p.231 ~ p.237
Development of Differential Media and Multiplex PCR Assays for the Rapid Detection of Listeria monocytogenes



Abstract
Listeria (L) monocytogenes in samples could not be detected occasionally by faster growth of other Listeria spp. especially L. innocua. The aim of this study was to develop the differential media and multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for the rapid detection of L. monocytogenes. L. monocytogenes colonies were characterized by their β-hemolysis with fluorescence under 366 nm UV light on the Listeria hemolysis agar (LHA). L. innocua, a species commonly present in foods, did not produce β-hemolysis on LHA. Therefore, on or more colonies of L. monocytogenes were easily distinguished from large populations of L. innocua. The multiplex PCR assays were developed to distinguish from L. monocytogenes and other Listeria spp. with two pairs of primers. The primers were designed in 16S rRNA and listeriolysin O gene for specific amplification of all members of the genus Listeria and L. monocytogenes, respectively. The multiplex PCR assays produced 560 and 938 bp products in L. monocytogenes; only 938 bp products in the genus Listeria. The multiplex PCR assays could detect as little as 50 pg of L. monocytogenes DNA. These results indicated that the differential media and multiplex PCR assays might be useful diagnostic tools for the rapid detection of L. monocytogenes.
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학술진흥재단(KCI)