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KMID : 0359320090490030253
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
2009 Volume.49 No. 3 p.253 ~ p.256
Acute and subacute toxicity of trichlorfon in guppies (Poecilia reticulata)


Abstract
The aim of the present study was to determine the acute and subacute potential of trichlorfon in guppies (Poecilia reticulatus). We first defined the 24 h median tolerance limit (TLm24h) of the fish to trichlorfon. Guppies were then treated with TLm24h and 1/10 TLm24h trichlorfon concentrations to evaluate if any histological alterations occurred. The TLm24h value of trichlorfon was 11 ppm. This concentration resulted in acute toxicity to the gills and kidneys with edema, hyperplasia of the gill lamellae, and vacuolated degeneration and necrosis of renal tubular cells. In the case of subacute toxicity using a 10-fold dilution of the TLm24h value (1.1 ppm), no behavioral changes, external lesions or histopathological changes were observed. Therefore, safe concentration of trichlorfon might be 1.1 ppm in guppy for controlling parasitic infections.
KEYWORD
guppy, histopathology, TLm24h, toxicity, trichlorfon
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학술진흥재단(KCI)