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KMID : 0359320090490040279
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
2009 Volume.49 No. 4 p.279 ~ p.284
Time-course response of epichlorohydrin on epididymal histopathology in rats
Kim Kang-Hyeon

Shin In-Sik
Lim Jeong-Hyeon
Kim Sung-Hwan
Park Na-Hyeong
Moon Chang-Jong
Kim Seong-Ho
Shin Dong-Ho
Kim Jong-Choon
Abstract
This research aimed to investigate the time-course effect of epichlorohydrin (ECH) on epididymal histopathology in Sprague-Dawley rats. Twenty-four male rats were randomly assigned to four groups with 6 rats in each group and were administered a single oral dose of ECH (70 mg/kg) or its vehicle. Six animals each were sacrificed on days 0 (control), 1, 2, and 7 after treatment. During the study period, clinical signs, body weights, reproductive organ weights, testicular spermatid count, epididymal sperm count, motility and morphology, and histopathology were examined. No treatment-related effects on body weights and reproductive organ weights were noted at any time point. On the contrary, sperm motility decreased slightly on days 1 and 2 after treatment and then decreased significantly on day 7 after treatment. The first signs of histological changes were the appearance of cell debris in the ducts and vacuolization of the epithelial cells observed in the proximal caput epididymis on day 1 after treatment. The incidences and grades of the histological changes including cell debris in the ducts, epithelial vacuolization, oligospermia, and epithelial disruption increased on day 2 and then decreased slightly on day 7 after treatment. These results show that a single oral dose of 70 mg/kg ECH to male rats results in cell debris in the ducts and vacuolization of the epithelial cells in the proximal caput epididymis, followed by reversible oligospermia, epithelial disruption, and decreased sperm motility.
KEYWORD
epichlorohydrin, histopathology, rats, reproductive dysfunction, sperm
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학술진흥재단(KCI)