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KMID : 0359320090490040291
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
2009 Volume.49 No. 4 p.291 ~ p.295
Toxoplasmic meningoencephalitis in a stray cat in Korea
Kim Ha-Young

Bae You-Chan
Woo Gye-Hyeong
Byun Jae-Won
Jung Byeong-Yeal
Park Jung-Won
Joo Yi-Seok
Lee O-Soo
Choi Jae-Yong
Nakayama Hiroyuki
Hwang Eui-Kyung
Abstract
A dead stray cat was necropsied for zoonotic feline disease monitoring. Grossly, there were no specific lesions. Major microscopic lesions included lymphocytic meningoencephalitis, malacia, and tissue cysts in the cerebral and cerebellar cortex. The size and shape of tissue cysts were identical to those of Apicomplexa including Toxoplasma (T.) gondii. Bradyzoites in the tissue cyst were strongly positive for T. gondii by immunohistochemistry. Electron microscopy revealed that bradyzoites within the tissue cyst were similar to the morphological features of T. gondii. Fresh tissue samples were examined by a polymerase chain reaction assay and resulted in a specific band of T. gondii only in the brain. Based on the results, this case was diagnosed as toxoplasmosis. This is the first case of toxoplasmic meningoencephalitis in a cat in Korea.
KEYWORD
bradyzoite, cat, meningoencephalitis, tissue cysts, toxoplasmosis
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학술진흥재단(KCI)