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KMID : 0359320150550020133
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
2015 Volume.55 No. 2 p.133 ~ p.139
Comparison of teratogenecity induced by nano- and micro-sized particles of zinc oxide in cultured mouse embryos
Jung A-Young

Jung Ki-Youn
Lin Chun-Mei
Yon Jung-Min
Lee Jong-Geol
Lee Beom-Jun
Yun Young-Won
Nam Sang-Yoon
Abstract
The increasing uses of zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO) in industrial and personal care products raise possible danger of using nZnO in human. To determine whether ZnO induces size-dependent anomalies during embryonic organogenesis, mouse embryos on embryonic day 8.5 were cultured for 2 days under 50, 100, and 150 μg of nZnO (< 100 nm) or micro-sized ZnO (mZnO; 80 ± 25 μm), after which the morphological changes, cumulative quantity of Zn particles, and expressions of antioxidant and apoptotic genes were investigated. Although embryos exposed to 50 μg of ZnO exhibited no defects on organogenesis, embryos exposed to over 100 μg of ZnO showed increasing anomalies. Embryos treated with 150 μg of nZnO revealed significant changes in Zn absorption level and morphological parameters including yolk sac diameter, head length, flexion, hindbrain, forebrain, branchial bars, maxillary process, mandibular process, forelimb, and total score compared to the same dose of mZnO-treated embryos. Furthermore, CuZn-superoxide dismutase, cytoplasmic glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and phospholipid hydroperoxidase GPx mRNA levels were significantly decreased, but caspase-3 mRNA level was greatly increased in nZnO-treated embryos as compared to normal control embryos. These findings indicate that nZnO has severer teratogenic effects than mZnO in developing embryos.
KEYWORD
micro-sized ZnO, nano-sized ZnO, teratogenesis, whole mount embryo culture, zinc oxide
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학술진흥재단(KCI)