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KMID : 0359320180580030125
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
2018 Volume.58 No. 3 p.125 ~ p.129
Prevalence state of canine brucellosis in South Korea during 2015 and 2016
Jung Ji-Youl

Yoon Soon-Seek
Lee Seung-Hee
Park Jung-Won
Lee Jin-Ju
Her Moon
So Byung-Jae
Kim Jae-Hoon
Abstract
We investigated the prevalence of canine brucellosis in companion and stray dogs between March 2015 and December 2016 and determined the disease characteristics based on the geographic distribution, sex and age of the dogs in South Korea. We conducted a large-scale survey using serological and bacteriological tests. Samples were collected from 2,394 dogs (1,825 companions and 569 strays). Thirty (1.3%) samples were positive for Brucella canis antibodies including 16 (0.9%) from companion dogs and 14 (2.5%) from stray dogs. Two (1.0%) of the 196 samples cultured from the stray dogs were positive. When compared with male dogs, the female companion and stray dogs had a significantly higher prevalence of brucellosis. Moreover, the prevalence of canine brucellosis was significantly higher in stray dogs older than 6 years and the prevalence of the disease in companion dogs was highest in Incheon(2.1%) and Jeolla (2.1%) provinces. Stray dogs from the Daejeon metropolitan area had the highest prevalence of brucellosis (7.9%). National control measures for canine brucellosis have not previously been implemented. Our findings suggest that appropriate screening tests and control measures are necessary to improve the health of dogs and to protect public health in Korea, particularly with the rapid growth of the companion animal industry.
KEYWORD
Brucella canis, bacteriology, brucellosis, prevalence, serology
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학술진흥재단(KCI)