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KMID : 0359320190590020075
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
2019 Volume.59 No. 2 p.75 ~ p.80
Modulatory action of enrofloxacin in lipopolysaccharide-induced hyper-activated mouse spleen cells
Ko Hyeong-Ju

Joo Hong Gu
Abstract
Enrofloxacin, a fluoroquinolone, is a broad-spectrum antibiotic widely used in veterinary medicine that inhibits the action of bacterial DNA gyrase, resulting in anti-bacterial effects. This study was performed to examine whether enrofloxacin has modulatory and anti-inflammatory activity on immune cells. A few studies have reported the anti-inflammatory effects of enrofloxacin. In this study, we used mouse spleen cells treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and examined the effects of enrofloxacin. Several assays were performed in LPS-treated spleen cells after the enrofloxacin treatment. Enrofloxacin inhibited the metabolic activity and mitochondrial membrane potential of LPS-treated spleen cells significantly. On the other hand, enrofloxacin did not alter the proportion of the subsets in spleen cells, and did not induce cell death. The production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in LPS-treated spleen cells was inhibited by enrofloxacin. Overall, enrofloxacin had modulatory activity in spleen cells treated with LPS. These data may broaden the use of enrofloxacin as an antibiotic with anti-inflammatory activity in veterinary clinics.
KEYWORD
enrofloxacin, spleen cells, anti-inflammatory activity, lipopolysaccharide, modulatory action
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학술진흥재단(KCI)