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KMID : 0359320230630030005
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
2023 Volume.63 No. 3 p.5 ~ p.5
Forensic analysis of toxic substances in fatalities with suspected companion animal cruelty
Kang Jeong-Woo

Kim Ah-Young
Chae Hyun-Young
Lim Han-Ae
Kim Sun-Cheun
Ku Bok-Kyung
Lee Kyung-Hyun
Abstract
The increasing prevalence of toxic substance-exposure in pets in South Korea endangers the health and safety of numerous companion animals, and has become a cause for concern. Notably, the annual incidence of forensic analysis in pets has increased by more than 150% in South Korea, mainly in populous regions such as Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi. In response to this growing issue, veterinary forensic examinations were conducted on 549 dogs and cats from 2019 to 2022. This study revealed the presence of various toxic substances, including pesticides, insecticides, and drugs such as analgesics, anesthetics, antidepressants, and muscle relaxants, in pets. Among the 38 different toxins identified in pets, coumatetralyl, methomyl, terbufos, and buprofezin were the most frequently detected. In this study, toxic substances for pets were identified based on the “toxic agent list for humans,” developed by the National Forensic Services, because no list of toxic agents for animals currently exists and data regarding potentially toxic substances for dogs and cats is limited. This is one of the limitations of this study, and necessitates the establishment of a toxic agent list for animals. Continued monitoring and research is also recommended to reveal the incidence, causes, and solutions of toxicity in animals.
KEYWORD
animal abuse, forensic analysis, toxic substance, pesticides, drugs
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