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KMID : 0614820060120030454
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
2006 Volume.12 No. 3 p.454 ~ p.463
Study on Factors Affecting Nurses’ Experience of Non-Reporting Incidents
Kim Ki-Kyong

Song Mal-Soon
Lee Kye-Sook
Hur Hea-Kung
Abstract
Purpose: This study was designed to identify the factors affecting the nurses’ experience of non-reporting adverse incidents in hospital.

Methods: This study is a cross-sectional, descriptive survey design and nonrandom, convenience sampling. Study subjects were 392 clinical nurses, who have agreed to be the subject of this research. The measuring instrument of attitudes toward incident reporting was developed by the authors. The questionnaire which consisted of 17 items about worry about appraisal, the belief in improvement, the intention of reporting, and knowledge was measured by 5-point Likert-type scale. The estimate of internal consistency was alpha =.84. Analysis of data was done with use of mean, t-test, ANOVA, logistic regression with SPSS program.

Results: Clinical nurses had experience of reporting incident (51.3%), non-reporting incident (76.5%). Statistically, significant differences were found between experiences group and non experience group in intention on reporting, belief on improvement, and worry about appraisal. Logistic regression analysis showed that the significant predictors were caused by report no-fault cases, belief on improvement, worry about appraisal.

Conclusion: The result also indicated that, to improve the incident reporting and risk management, it might be necessary to give a belief that it results on improvement and remove concern about punishment through construction of no-blame system.
KEYWORD
Accidents, Risk management, Medical errors
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학술진흥재단(KCI) KoreaMed