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KMID : 0614820140200040353
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
2014 Volume.20 No. 4 p.353 ~ p.361
Impact of 12-hour Shifts on Job Satisfaction, Quality of Life, Hospital Incident Reporting, and Overtime Hours in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
Lim Eun-Young

Uhn Ju-Yeon
Chang Eun-Ji
Kim na-Yeon
Ha Eun-Joo
Lee Sun-Hee
Kim Hee-Kyung
Kim Yeon-Hee
Abstract
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare job satisfaction, quality of life (QOL), incident report rate and overtime hours for 12-hour shifts and for 8-hour shifts in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).

Methods: A descriptive survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 36 staff nurses from a PICU in a regional hospital in Korea. Data were collected using self-administrated questionnaires regarding job satisfaction and QOL at 6 months before and after the beginning of 12-hour shifts. Incident report rate and overtime hours for both 12-hour and 8-hour shifts were compared. Comparisons were made using x2-test, paired t-test and Mann-Whitney U test.

Results: After 12-hour shifts were initiated, job satisfaction significantly increased (t=3.93, p<.001) and QOL was higher for nurses on 12-hour shifts compared to 8-hour (t=7.83, p<.001). There was no statistically significant change in incident report rate (x2=0.15, p=.720). The overtimes decreased from 36.3±34.7 to 17.3±34.9 minutes (Z=-8.91, p<.001).

Conclusion: These results provide evidence that 12-hour shifts can be an effective ways of scheduling for staff nurses to increase job satisfaction and quality of life without increasing patient safety incidents or prolonged overtime work
hours.
KEYWORD
12-hour shifts, Job satisfaction, Quality of life, Incident report rate, Overtime hour
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학술진흥재단(KCI) KoreaMed