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KMID : 0614820140200040373
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
2014 Volume.20 No. 4 p.373 ~ p.382
Effect of Empathy, Resilience, Self-care on Compassion Fatigue in Oncology Nurses
Cho Ho-Jin

Jung Myun-Sook
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of empathy, resilience and self-care on compassion fatigue in oncology nurses.

Methods: The study design was a descriptive survey and questionnaires were collected from December 1 to 15, 2013. Participants were 171 oncology nurses caring for cancer patients. Data was analyzed using independent t-test, Scheffe? test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program.

Results: Seventy two percent of the participants reported a moderate to high level of compassion fatigue. Empathy was positively correlated with compassion fatigue, whereas, resilience and self-care had negative correlations with compassion fatigue. Finally, empathy, resilience, self-care and age accounted for 30% of the variance in compassion fatigue.

Conclusion: Results indicate that empathy, resilience and self-care are factors influencing compassion fatigue. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and make available programs embracing personal factors in the prevention and reduction of compassion fatigue.
KEYWORD
Compassion fatigue, Empathy, Self-resilience, Self-care
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학술진흥재단(KCI) KoreaMed