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KMID : 0615219870120010075
Journal of Kwangju Health
1987 Volume.12 No. 1 p.75 ~ p.91
A Study on the Correlation among the Perceived Family Support and Quality of Life on the Part of Hemodialysis Patients
김숙정/Kim SJ
Abstract
Though the hemodialysis proved to be a successful method for managing chronic renal failure, those who are undergoing hemodialysis treatment became to feel severe tension with the various disorders resulting from the complicated dialysis process itself, and the dependence upon an artificial device for survival as well as other´s support.
Also these problems produce the psychosocial and psychophysical disorders frequently which become decisive impact factors in the effective treatments and quality of life.
In this non adjustable situation, the concept of family support is very important, which is the primary and direct support system, mediating or releasing disorders and helping the hemodialysis patients establishing satisfactory quality of life.
Therefore this study was designed to identify the correlation among the perceibed family support, quality of life on hemodialysis patients for the purpose of providing data base for effective nursing intervention for them.
The subjects for this study were the 45 patients who were registered in the Artificial Kidney Rooms of the 3 hospitals in Kwang-ju.
The data were collected from May 20 to June 12, 1987.
For this study, four instruments were used ; family support scale and selfcare scale disigned
by this researcher, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale and the Crumbaugh purpose-in-life test.
The data were analysed by use of percentage, ANOVA and Person Correlation Coefficient.
The results of analysis were a follows,
1. Test for hypothesis :
"The higher the level of perceived family support on hemodialysis patients, the higher the level of their quality of life will be", was supported(r=0.5336, p=0.000).
2. The relations between social-demographic variables and the level of perceived family support, quality of life ;
1) Social-demographic variables influencing the level of perceived family support was marital status (p = 0.0008).
2) Social-demographic variables influencing the level of quality of life were religion and educational back ground (p = 0,0114, p = 0,0057).
3) There was not a positive association between variables related to disease treatment and the level of perceived family support or quality of life (p>0. 05) In conclusion, it is found that family support influence very significantly helping the hemodialysis patients establishing satisfactory qulity of life.
Therefore Nurse must include family support in nursing intervention to help the patients on hemodialysis
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