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KMID : 0615219870120010281
Journal of Kwangju Health
1987 Volume.12 No. 1 p.281 ~ p.305
A Corelational Study on Perspective Taking and Moral Judgement of 5~6 Years Old Children
이현희/Lee HH
Abstract
This thesis is to extract the corelation between perspective taking and Moral judgment, and further, it is aimed at finding out the difference between these developing tendencies accompanied by variable factors with distinction of sex.
The questions of this study for these purpose are as follows :
Firstly, is there a static corelation between perspective taking and moral judgment of children?
Secondly, is there any difference on the perspective taking with regard to distinction of age and sex?
The subject for the study are 60 in numbers of 5,6 years old, who attened D. Kindergarden with their parental status of middle clss home level. The survey instruments of perspective taking as the three tasks of perspective taking by Kurdek and Rodgon.
On the other hand, the survey instrument of moral judgment have been applied through the four divisional cases on the moral judgment of Hebble, good intention-little loss, good intention much loss, bad intention-little loss and bad intention-much loss. The data of the studies result have been revealed to obtain coefficient of probability of person for finding out the corelation between perspective taking and moral judgment, and analized binary dualistic variable factors of age and sex for perspective taking and moral judgment.
The result of the study is as follows :
1. It has been revealed that there exists a statically significant corelation by only perceputual perspective taking and moral judgment, not by affective perspective taking.
2. The corelation between perspective takings is found to be low. The corelation between perceptual perspective taking and cognitive perspective taking is revealed as the highest with static significant relation.
3. Only the perceptual perspective taking exposed an intentional difference in perspective taking and variable factors by age and sex.
The cognitive perspective taking showed a deliberate difference in the variable factors by age and sex.
The emotional perspective taking has no difference accompanied by age and sex.
Therefore, it may by judged that only the perceptual perspective taking and cognitive perspective taking is tended to be developing as age increases.
Since there is no difference of variable factors by sex between cognitive perspective taking and affective perspective taking, it may also come to judgment that no sex difference exists between the above corelation.
Therefore, it may be observed that the levels of moral judgment are bound to be enhanced as age grows.
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