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KMID : 0615219900150010039
Journal of Kwangju Health
1990 Volume.15 No. 1 p.39 ~ p.53
A Survey of Influencing Variables to the Depression during Pregnancy
최인희/Choi IH
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate variables which influence to the pregnant woman´s depression during preganncy. Samples of this study were 144 women who visited two O.B & G. Y local clinics and a general hospital for antenal care and collected from May 7 to June 13, 1990.
The results of this study were as follows;
1. The social support was negatively correlated with the depression during pregnancy(r=-.559,p=.000) and with the pregnant women´s anxiety and fear (r=-.322, p=.000). That is, the higher social support, the lower depression during pregnancy and pregnant women´s anxiety and fear. There was a positive correlation (r=-.353, p=.000) between depression during pregnancy and pregnant women´s anxiety and fear.
That is, The higher anxiety and fear during pregnancy, The higher depressin during pregnancy.
2. The mean score of depression during pregnancy was 42.00. The mean score of early pregnancy and late pregnancy were 44.53 and 40.85.
So, The degree of depression during early pregnancy was higher than late pregnancy (t=10.192, p<.005).
3. The most influential factor to the pregnant woman´s depression was social support (31.2%). A period of pregnancy, anxiety and fear and the degree of marital satisfaction were significant variables to explain the degree of depression.
1) Factors influencing social support were religion, financial state, expectation about sex of baby, conflict between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law and marital satisfatction.
2) Factors influencing pregnant woman´s anxiety and fear were age, educational level, religion and the degree of marital satisfaction.
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