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KMID : 1025820160240040599
Family and Family Therapy
2016 Volume.24 No. 4 p.599 ~ p.619
The Relationships between Beliefs about Maternal Employment and Role Satisfaction, Parenting efficacy, and Parenting Stress of Mothers with Toddlers: Comparison by Employment Status
Jang Young-Eun

Park Sun-Hee
Abstract
bjectives: The current study aimed at investigating any systematic difference in the pattern of relationship between beliefs about maternal employment and mothers’ role satisfaction, parenting efficacy, and parenting stress depending on their employment status. Methods: We conducted correlation analysis and tested the statistical significance of the group difference in the correlations using the data from 180 mothers with 3-5 year-old-children living in Seoul and Kyong-gi province. Results: Employed mothers had higher level of positive beliefs about maternal employment and lower level of negative beliefs about matermal employment compared to non-employed mothers. They also showed greater role satisfaction and parenting efficacy. No group difference was detected in parenting stress between employed and non-employed mothers. When employed mothers held greater beliefs in the beneficial effects of maternal employment, they had greater role satisfaction and parenting efficacy, whereas their greater beliefs in cost of maternal employment was related to lower level of parenting efficacy and greater parenting stress. There existed statistically significant difference in the pattern of relationship between beliefs and parenting variables between employed and non-employed mothers. Conclusions: It is important to consider mothers’ beliefs about maternal employment in understanding the meaning of working or not working.
KEYWORD
Beliefs about maternal employment, role satisfaction, parenting efficacy, parenting stress
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학술진흥재단(KCI)