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KMID : 1039620110010010014
Korean Journal of Family Practice
2011 Volume.1 No. 1 p.14 ~ p.23
Socioeconomic Differentials of Cigarette Smoking Behaviors in Korean Adolescents: Findings from the 2007 Korea Youth’s Risk Behavior Webbased Study (KYRBWS)
Park Sang-Hoon

Sohn Hyun-Joo
Yun Kyung-Eun
Sunwoo Sung
Cho Hong-Jun
Abstract
Background: Socioeconomic differentials of smoking behaviors in adolescents are influential in their health and are very critical matters considering such state could be continued to their adulthood.

Methods: We used the data from the 2007 Korea Youth’s Risk Behavior Web-based Study to analyze socioeconomic positions (SEPs) and smoking behaviors of students (n = 74,698; boy, 38,466; girl, 35,232) in nationwide 400 middle and high schools, each. SEP indicators included the Family Affluence Scale (FAS), parental education levels, self-reported school achievement, perceived household economic status and cohabitation with parents. Smoking behaviors included experimental smoking, experimental smoking before entering middle school, monthly smoking, smoking more than 20 days a month, daily smoking, smoking more than 10 cigarettes a day and exposure to passive smoking at home during
last week. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association between SEPs and smoking behaviors.

Results: Most SEP indicators were inversely associated with most smoking behaviors. Among SEPs, self-reported school achievement showed strongest inverse relationship with most smoking behaviors especially for female. Exceptionally, positive relationships between FAS and smoking behaviors were seen for male students. In general, female students
showed greater odds ratio for smoking behaviors compared with male students.

Conclusion: Measures to reduce socioeconomic inequalities in smoking behaviors among adolescents should be important public health issue in Korea.
KEYWORD
Adolescent, Smoking, Socioeconomic Factors
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