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KMID : 1039620110010010048
Korean Journal of Family Practice
2011 Volume.1 No. 1 p.48 ~ p.54
The Relationship between Metabolic Syndrome and Hearing Impairment in Middle Aged Men and Women
Nam Ji-Sook

Kim Kyung-Tae
Choi Hee-Jeong
Yun Kyung-Eun
Abstract
Background: There is evidence that shows the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and hearing impairment
(HI). However, the relationship between HI and metabolic syndrome (MS), due to risk factors for cardiovascular disease,
are not well known. We examined the association between MS and HI in middle-aged adults.

Methods: From January 2009 to February 2010, 8,115 adults, aged 40-64 years who visited the Health Promotion Center
at Eulji University Hospital, were enrolled. HI was defined as pure tone averages >25 dB hearing level of the pure tone
thresholds at low (0.5, 1, and 2 kHz) and high (3, 4, and 6 kHz) frequencies in the worse ear. MS was defined according to
the criteria of the American Heart Association.

Results: The proportion of low and high frequency HI in the MS group was significantly greater than in the non-MS group.
After controlling for age, body mass index, smoking, alcohol, and exercise, MS was associated with low (odds ratio [OR], 1.37; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04 to 1.80) and high (OR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.09 to 1.55) frequency HI in men, whereas hyperglycemia was associated with low (OR, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.21 to 2.32) and high (OR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.87) frequency HI in women.

Conclusion: Hearing impairment was observed more frequently in middle-aged adults with MS. MS is independently associated with HI in middle-aged men.
KEYWORD
Hearing Impairment, Metabolic Syndrome, Hyperglycemia
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