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KMID : 1039620110010020121
Korean Journal of Family Practice
2011 Volume.1 No. 2 p.121 ~ p.128
Self-Reported Hepatitis A Vaccination Coverage and Relation to Recognition of Hepatitis A in an University Students
Kim Tae-Young

Lee Dong-Wook
Jeong Hwee-Soo
Kim Dong-Hun
Abstract
Background: Recently, Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is the most common cause of acute hepatitis for adults in South Korea.
It is possible to prevent hepatitis A through vaccination. Based on the health-belief model (HBM), This study assessed
recognition of hepatitis A and self-reported hepatitis A vaccination.

Methods: A total of 1,286 students participated in the survey at an university located in Gyeongju from April 5 to 30, 2010.
The conductor of survey used a self-administered questionnaire which was based on previously published study. From
all participants, 1,238 surveys were analyzed, excluding 48 that were determined to be incomplete.

Results: Hepatitis A vaccination inoculators were 175 (14.1%) students. Students who would prefer to have hepatitis A vaccination (vaccination inoculators and candidates) were 972 (78.5%). Male students less preferred hepatitis A vaccination than female students by odds ratio [OR] 0.61 (95% confi dence interval [CI], 0.44 to 0.84). Among fi ve factors of HBM, Vaccination preference was high in a case of "perceived benefi ts" (OR, 3.57; 95% CI, 2.54 to 5.01) and low in a
case of "perceived barriers" (OR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.22 to 0.63).

Conclusion: This study demonstrated that hepatitis A vaccination was closely associated if they are male, "perceived benefits" and "perceived barriers". We need to actively promote vaccination by virtue of educating the purpose of voluntary inoculation as well as planning for reducing obstacles at the time of vaccination.
KEYWORD
Hepatitis A, Vaccination, Recognition
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