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KMID : 1039620110010030175
Korean Journal of Family Practice
2011 Volume.1 No. 3 p.175 ~ p.183
The Evaluation and Significance of Soldiers’s Social Nicotine Dependence
Kim Kwan-Wook

Abstract
Background: Antismoking campaign for soldiers is very meaningful and it may affect the nationwide antismoking campaign. Most soldiers are easily influenced by generous smoking environment during their military service. Soldiers’s distorted views about smoking make their smoking cessation difficult. This study was conducted to evaluate the significance of soldiers’s Social Nicotine Dependence.

Methods: From November 2008 to February 2009, 523 soldiers who visited Armed force hospital were enrolled in this study. Their Kano Test for Social Nicotine Dependence (KTSND), Cigarette Dependence Scale-12 (CDS-12), and several smoking related questions were assessed by self reporting questionnaire.

Results: Smokers’s KTSND scores were significantly higher than nonsmokers’s (P < 0.001), and were significantly related with CDS-12 scores (r = 0.227, P < 0.001). The higher smokers’s KTSND and CDS-12 scores were, the lower smokers’s smoking cessation willing were (P < 0.001, P = 0.001), and KTSND scores were more related with smoking cessation willing than CDS-12 (r = 0.309 vs. 0.244). The higher nonsmokers’s KTSND scores, the less smoking cessation recommendation to smokers (P < 0.001) and the less they ask smoking soldiers to move away from non smokers (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Smokers’s social nicotine dependence were related with physical nicotine dependence and smoking cessation willing. Nonsmokers’s social nicotine dependence were also related with their attitudes about smoking cessation and secondhand smoking. Therefore a effective antismoking campaign program suitable to soldiers should be developed.
KEYWORD
Soldiers, Social Nicotine Dependence, Smoking, Antismoking
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