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KMID : 1813120180030010007
Journal of Sleep and Dental Medicine
2018 Volume.3 No. 1 p.7 ~ p.13
Clinical practice guideline for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and snoring with oral appliance therapy
Kim Young-Gun

Ahn Hyung-Joon
Abstract
These practice guideline are an update of the previously published recommendations regarding use of oral appliances in the treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Oral appliances (OAs) are indicated for use in patients with OSA who prefer them to continuous positive airway pressure (cPAP) therapy, or who do not respond to. AASM and AADSM published a guideline for the treatment of snoring and OSA with OAs in 2015. 1. We recommend that sleep physicians prescribe oral appliances, rather than no therapy, for adult patients who request treatment of primary snoring (without obstructive sleep apnea). (STANDARD) 2. When oral appliance therapy is prescribed by a sleep physician for an adult patient with obstructive sleep apnea, we suggest that a qualified dentist use a custom, titratable appliance over non-custom oral devices. (GUIDELINE) 3. We recommend that sleep physicians consider prescription of oral appliances, rather than no treatment, for adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea who are intolerant of CPAP therapy or prefer alternate therapy. (STANDARD) 4. We suggest that qualified dentists provide oversight rather than no follow-up of oral appliance therapy in adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea, to survey for dental-related side effects or occlusal changes and reduce their incidence. (GUIDELINE) 5. We suggest that sleep physicians conduct follow-up sleep testing to improve or confirm treatment efficacy, rather than conduct follow-up without sleep testing, for patients fitted with oral appliances. (GUIDELINE) 6. We suggest that sleep physicians and qualified dentists instruct adult patients treated with oral appliances for obstructive sleep apnea to return for periodic office visits as opposed to no follow-up with a qualified dentist and a sleep physician. (GUIDELINE)
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